This bust is part of a statue discovered beneath the waters of the Bay of Marathon in 1926. All its' harmonious lines show that it was an advanced work of Praxiteles, one of the greatest sculptors of the 4th Century B.C. With the growth of the Olympian Pantheon, the story was that Zeus beget Hermes by the nymph Maia, daughter of Atlas, and as one of the Olympians, Hermes assumed the role of Patron of Travelers and Divine Messenger of the Gods. Travel, commerce, learning, agility, games of chance, all kinds of profit and all forms of mental activity were his forte. He is usually depicted carrying a Caduceus, the insignia of the medical profession. He is credited with the invention of the lyre which he gave to Apollo in exchange for the Caduceus. His symbols are Caduceus, Petasus (Winged Helmet) and Talaria (Winged Sandals).
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